Funding cuts are creating a problem that is spiralling out of control, with the young and poor hit hardest, argues Mona Kamal
Despite all the rhetoric by this government on prioritising resources for mental health and commitment to parity of esteem, the reality is that time and again they have been very willing to use mental health as an easy target for funding cuts with very little regard to the human cost this has on arguably one of the most vulnerable patient groups.
Whilst there have been the periodic announcements of record funding that we’ve come to expect from this government, mental health trusts in England have in fact suffered budget cuts in real terms of just over 8% year on year since 2011 and have lost almost a third of all NHS mental health beds over the past decade. This means a frequent struggle for staff to find beds to admit patients into and has extremely serious consequences for those in crisis and whose illness carries a risk to themselves or others. It means patients, including young children, having to be moved hundreds of miles away from their homes and families to get to the nearest empty bed and forces unacceptable practices with acutely unwell patients who are detained on section having to wait for days or even weeks in busy A&E departments while a mental health bed becomes available.
Nowhere is this crisis more evident than in Child and Adolescent Mental Health where there have been years of negligent underfunding – most notably during the early years of the coalition government, meaning that by 2017 a third of children's mental health services faced either downsizing or closure. This is causing completely needless suffering for young people who are not able to access care when they need it. Figures from the NSPCC indicate that an average of 150 children a day are denied access to mental health treatment and what is most agonising about this is that treatment is being denied at a time in young people’s lives when intervention could be the most valuable. But among the most damning pieces of evidence surely is that in the past 5 years suicides amongst teenagers in London have doubled, rising by 107% most notably in the more socially deprived parts of the city.
It is not possible to have a meaningful discussion about the mental health crisis without addressing the government’s decade long austerity programme which has achieved little beyond imposing misery on the lives of millions. Since 2010 the Tories have implemented policies that are toxic to mental health and wellbeing and have cultivated an environment in which the rates of depression and anxiety could only surge. Amongst their achievements have been record levels of in-work poverty, the rise of precarious employment and zero hours contracts, a housing crisis which has seen rough sleepers more than double and the sanctioning of unsafe uninhabitable properties which was the result of a programme of deregulation. All this has had an undeniable impact on the nation’s mental health. More damaging than this, however, are the changes to welfare benefits which have arguably impacted those with disabilities and chronic mental illness more than any other group. The welfare reforms that this government have been responsible for were not only found to ‘blatantly discriminate’ against mental health patients and to be ‘in breach of human rights’, but they have now been linked to 590 individuals suicides, 279,000 extra cases of self-reported mental health problems and an additional 725,000 antidepressant prescriptions.
The delays or failures to access care described are of course only the case for individuals who haven’t the means to pay to access care privately. Against a backdrop of the sustained attack on the NHS – the funding cuts, the closure of beds, the haemorrhaging of experienced staff – we are seeing a transfer of mental health activity from the NHS and into the independent sector with private providers boasting growth year on year. The demand for mental health treatment is there. There has been good work to address the stigma surrounding mental illness, meaning people are finally more readily asking for support. Now, however, the resources to meet that need in a timely way are being gradually withdrawn for all but those who have the means to pay for it.
For me, working in mental health is the most rewarding and most fulfilling work that anyone can do. To care for people from all walks of life, to understand their internal world and alleviate their psychological distress, to get to see their personalities re-emerge as they start to improve and take back control of their lives, is truly a privilege. I work alongside some of the most passionate and dedicated individuals who are motivated solely by a wish to provide the best possible care for patients. Increasingly however we are being forced to witness those patients paying the ultimate price for this government’s austerity programme and its assault on the NHS, and we now have a public and professional duty to speak up.
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