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United Front

United Front

  • The United Front: Trotsky's Marxism - video

    Martin Hall discusses Trotsky's theory of the united front as a means for revolutionaries to work with reformists in mass movements

  • George Orwell’s Homage to Catalonia: books that made me a socialist

    Penguin Random House Spanish edition

    Jacqueline Mulhallen selects a triumph of twentieth-century reportage 

  • The Unity demo: towards a united front against fascism

    Unity Demo against Fascism and Racism, called by Stand Up to Racism, November 17 2018, London. Photo: Jim Aindow

    Today saw the biggest response yet to the emergent far right. Jack Sherwood reports on a hopeful day of protest and the tasks ahead for the left

  • Fighting fascism: what we can learn today from the tragedy of the 1930s

    Hitler leaving the Nazi party headquarters in Munich on 5 December 1931. Photo: Flickr

    To stop a violent movement set on crushing democracy and the left, we must begin by building a mass united front of the working class, writes Vladimir Unkovski-Korica

  • National Unity Demonstration against Racism and Fascism: unite against the right

    Stand up to Racism protest against Tommy Robinson

    With the far right gaining strength at home and across the continent, this demonstration provides the left with a crucial opportunity to fight back, writes David McAllister 

  • The rise of the far right - and how we stop it

    European far right leaders at the European Parliament on May 28 2014 - Salvini (Lega Nord), Vilimsky (FPÖ), Le Pen (FN), Wilders (PVV), Annemans (VB).

    As fascist organisation grows across Europe, assisted by the populist right, our history of struggle directs us to a path of united resistance led by socialist ideas, argues John Westmoreland

  • Fighting fascism in the 1930s: Trotsky and the United Front - video

    The strategy of the united front was central to Trotsky's politics and has been used many times since to fight fascism. Katherine Connelly discusses the history, what we can learn from it, and what it means for politics today.

  • May ’68 and the movement against Trump: a call for a united front

    trump demo

    Rather than criticising people who are demonstrating for the first time, we should embrace them

  • United front and trade union work

    How can socialists mobilise the type of mass action required for social change? The Counterfire steering committee presents the following article for discussion at our annual conference

  • Gramsci’s Leninism

    A portrait photograph of Gramsci in 1916.

    Chris Walsh explores Antonio Gramsci as a Leninist, the originality of his thinking and the relevance of Gramsci today

  • A united front against the cuts?

    I've written a short introduction to an important concept in left-wing political strategy: 'Socialists and the united front', now up at Counterfire. I've limited myself to the emergence of united front strategy in the years following the Russian Revolution of 1917, rather than attempting a sweeping history of its application over nearly a century.

    My own little contribution was designed to accompany a very illuminating archive piece already on the site: The united front and the Comintern by Duncan Hallas. My article hopefully provides the context needed to fully comprehend the landmark events Hallas wrote about.

    It is also, however, prompted by a particular contemporary development: the emerging Coalition of Resistance is, like most examples of united fronts since the mid-1920s, a small-scale operation (at least for now) compared with the socially convulsive movements of the Comintern era. It is, nevertheless, an example of tapping into a widespread desire for broad unity in the working class to develop an active coalition on the central political issue of our times.

    For revolutionaries, like me, this means working with people who largely accept reformist ideas and solutions. Unfortunately we revolutionaries are much smaller in number than the major Communist movements of 90 years ago, but the principles remain the same.

    The urgent priority for everyone now is to forge broad opposition to the savage cuts pursued by the ConDem coalition. It would be sectarian for revolutionaries to remain aloof from a project designed to increase co-ordination and effectiveness of our campaigning, or to limit themselves to their own established, narrow front operations.  

    It would also, though, be a mistake to simply tail-end larger forces, like the Labour Party or the TUC, in the misguided belief that such timidity and caution is a necessary part of unity. If we wait for them to act, we could be waiting a long time.

    It is necessary for revolutionary socialists to work with others, typically on the political left, who also embrace the need for decisive action and a dynamic response - who are willing to show a little flair and initiative. Those who do not lead are destined to follow, lagging behind instead of shaping events.

    For Lenin and Trotsky there was, as Duncan Hallas explained, a simultaneous need to build revolutionary organisation, and expand the influence of radical anti-capitalist ideas articulating opposition to the system as a whole and advocating socialist alternatives. It isn't a choice between broad campaigns or socialist argument - instead, the 'battle of ideas' takes place in the context of developing activism and resistance with people influenced by reformist ideas.

    This remains true today. The growing opposition to austerity will provide revolutionary socialists, in organisations like Counterfire, opportunities to unite with others in common struggle - and, at one and the same time, creates an audience for discussions about how we abolish economic crisis, inequality and injustice once and for all.

  • Leon Trotsky on the United Front - 1922

    Leon Trotsky in SiberiaText of a speech delivered by Trotsky to French Communists during the debates in the Communist International on the question of the united front.

  • Duncan Hallas: The Comintern and the united front

    Writing in 1975, revolutionary socialist Duncan Hallas stressed the need for what is often called the united front method.

  • Gramsci, hegemony and the united front

    Two photos of Gramsci, side by side, from 1933: one profile and one head-on.

    Antonio Gramsci was one of the 20th century's most original Marxists. Chris Nineham reviews a new study that argues his ideas matter for anyone fighting for a better world today